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Black Kids With Diabetes Less Likely to Get Eye Exams

July 19, 2013

The Diabetes and Sugar Link: Cutting the Risk

Retinopathy is an inflammation of the retina that can lead to blindness. Researchers found that only 64 percent of eligible children were screened for the condition in the two-year study period. This, they said, was despite recommendations for yearly exams to all families. “Children who were not screened were significantly more likely to be black or have poorer diabetes control,” the authors wrote. Sixty-six percent of white children were screened, compared with 54 percent of black children, according to the study, which was published in the July issue of the journal Diabetes Research and Clinical Practice. The likelihood of having a screening was not related to whether children had private or public health insurance. “This study shows that our children who are at highest risk are not receiving the help they need,” study senior author Terri Lipman, a professor at the University of Pennsylvania School of Nursing, said in a school news release. “We need to ensure that all children have access to adequate healthcare.” Type 1 diabetes, the less common type, always requires treatment with injected insulin or insulin given through a pump.

Research presented at medical meetings should be viewed as preliminary until published in a peer-reviewed journal. People with type 2 diabetes have double the risk of developing dementia compared to someone without diabetes, according to background information in the study. But, even though diabetes is such a significant risk factor for dementia, the researchers found that there was little research on the effect of diabetes medications on dementia risk. To see if any therapies might offer some protection against dementia, Whitmer and her colleagues reviewed data on nearly 15,000 people with type 2 diabetes who were just starting single-drug therapy for their disease. All of those included in the study were aged 55 or older, and all had been diagnosed with type 2 diabetes. Whitmer said none of them were newly diagnosed; some had even been diagnosed with type 2 diabetes as long as 10 years earlier. But none had been taking medications for their disease when the study began. “They initiated one of four single-agent therapies: metformin, sulfonylureas, thiazolidinediones (TZDs) or insulin,” Whitmer said.

Diabetes Drug May Protect the Brain

Study counters prior research suggesting the

Sugar doesnt cause diabetes, but in a person at risk, increased sugar intake certainly is associated with a higher diabetes risk. Also, sugar intake tends to promote weight gain, which also leads to resistance to the effects of insulin and the development of diabetes. Dear Dr. Roach: Im an almost 90-year-old lady who has received Reclast IV annually for a number of years. Ive been advised that I need to take 1,500 mg of calcium daily.


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